LNMP环境安装-Nginx配置

隐藏Nginx版本号

编辑 /etc/nginx/nginx.conf ,在http区域下添加 server_tokens off; 隐藏版本号。

user  nginx;
worker_processes  1;

error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log warn;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
    
    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;
    
    #隐藏Nginx的版本号
    server_tokens off;
    
    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;
    
    keepalive_timeout  65;
    
    #gzip  on;
    
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

}

网站配置示例

/etc/nginx/conf.d/ 下添加网站配置文件,以下是一般情况下的示例配置,根据实际情况修改。

server {
    listen       80;
    listen       443 ssl;
    server_name  abc.com www.abc.com; 
    ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/abc.com.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/abc.com.key;
    
    charset utf-8;
    #access_log  /var/log/nginx/host.access.log  main;
    
    # 以abc.com开头的网址跳转到https完整路径
    if ($host ~* "^abc.com" ) {
        return 301 https://www.abc.com$request_uri;
    }
    
    # http协议网址跳转到https
    if ($scheme = "http") {
        return 301 https://www.abc.com$request_uri;
    }
    
    root   /project/public;
    index  index.html index.php;
    
    # Laravel项目-正式上线前请先测试
    location / {
        # 请求的文件不存在,则将请求转发的内部的index.php
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
    }
    
    # thinkphp项目
    #location / {
    #    if (!-e $request_filename) {
    #        rewrite  ^/(.*)$ /index.php?s=$1 last;
    #        break;
    #    }
    #}
    
    
    # vue项目-正式上线前请先测试
    #location / {
    #    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
    #}
    
    error_page  497 https://www.abc.com$request_uri;
    #error_page  404              /404.html;
    
    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
    }
    
    location ~* ^/(uploads|templets|data)/.*.(php|php5)$ {
       return 301 https://www.abc.com$request_uri;
    }
    
    # 代理服务器-根据需要配置
    location ~ /api/ {
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Connection "keep-alive";
        # 将客户端host及ip信息转发到对应节点  
        proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        # 转发Cookie,设置 SameSite 此项根据需要设置
        # proxy_cookie_path / "/; secure; HttpOnly; SameSite=strict";
        # 代理访问真实服务器
        proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8888;
    }
    
    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

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